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pope sixtus iv successor

[4] His reputation for piety was one of the deciding factors that prompted the College of Cardinals to elect him Pope upon the unexpected death of Paul II at the age of fifty-four.[5]. Internet Archive, Ebooks and Texts. Pope Sixtus IV : biography 21 July 1414 – 12 August 1484 The English theologian John Bale attributed to Sixtus "the authorisation to practice sodomy during periods of warm weather" to the Cardinal of Santa Lucia.Giovanni Lydus, Analecta in librum Nicolai de Clemangiis, De corrupto Ecclesiae statu. On 1 November 1478, Sixtus published the papal bull Exigit Sincerae Devotionis Affectus through which the Spanish Inquisition was established in the Kingdom of Castile. Sixtus IV sĭk´stəs , 1414–84, pope (1471–84), an Italian named Francesco della Rovere (b. near Savona); successor of Paul II. Sixtus IV named seven new saints with the most notable being Bonaventure (1482); he also beatified one person: John Buoni (1483). The Pope grew weaker during the night of 11 August and he was unable to sleep. Pope. Becoming a Franciscan, he subsequently taught and was chosen minister general of his order in 1464. Neither a crusader nor [18] Arguably the "ideology of conquest" expounded in those texts became the means by which commerce and conversion were facilitated.[19]. Upon his return to the city Count Riario joined his wife and held the Castel until persuaded to withdraw from the city with payment of 4000 ducats.[3]. Sixtus IV died on 12 August 1484 and was succeeded by Innocent VIII. [13] The English churchman and Protestant polemicist John Bale, writing a century later, attributed to Sixtus "the authorisation to practice sodomy during periods of warm weather" to the "Cardinal of Santa Lucia". Sixtus was expected to be a reformer, but he was too much embroiled in political difficulties. Each figure incorporates the oak tree ("rovere" in Italian), symbol of Sixtus IV. All of that was done to facilitate the integration of the Vatican Hill and Borgo with the heart of Old Rome. That was part of a broader scheme of urbanization carried out under Sixtus IV, who swept the long-established markets from the Campidoglio in 1477 and decreed in a bull of 1480 the widening of streets and the first post-Roman paving, the removal of porticoes and other post-classical impediments to free public passage. In 1477, Sixtus IV issued a papal bull, authorizing the creation of Uppsala University - the first university in Sweden and in the whole of Scandinavia. His first thought was the prosecution of the war against the Turks , and legates were appointed for France , Spain , Germany , Hungary , and Poland , with the hope of enkindling enthusiasm in … (sĭk`stəs), 1414–84, pope (1471–84), an Italian named Francesco della Rovere (b. near Savona); successor of Paul II. [20] The ecclesiastical penalties were directed towards those who were enslaving the recent converts.[21]. [17], As a temporal prince who constructed stout fortresses in the Papal States, he encouraged the Venetians to attack Ferrara, which he wished to obtain for another nephew. "Sede Vacant August 12, 1484—August 29, 1484", California State University, Northridge, De aliquis mutationibus in normis de electione Romani Pontificis, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=1484_papal_conclave&oldid=981346519, Articles needing additional references from June 2015, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Bishop of Porto e Santa Rufina, administrator of Valencia, Bishop of Ostia e Velletri, bishop of Bologna, administrator of Avignon, Bishop of Palestrina, patriarch of Aquileia, Title of S. Maria in Trastevere, archbishop of Milan, Title of Ss. 1. Medici was out of favor many other Italian universities this template message, Camerlengo of the Sistine Chapel and creation! 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